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Legal Sports Betting: Active States & Sportsbooks
Whether it has been legal or illegal, sports betting has always been around. From the Chicago “Black Sox” scandal, to former NBA referee Tim Donaghy, to PASPA being struck down, sports betting has always been a part of the culture in the United States.
Now, with PASPA being stricken from the record, numerous states are opening their doors to both brick-and-mortar and online sportsbooks to allow sports betting.
There are now more options than ever to place wagers on your favorite teams. One can only imagine the increased revenue potential from betting on the Super Bowl, World Series Odds or NBA Champ Odds to state coffers. States are trying new ways to get sports betting regulated or launched via online or mobile sports betting legislation.
Indiana Sports Betting: In-person and mobile
Iowa: In-person and mobile
Montana: In-person via kiosk; mobile use on location
Nevada: In-person and mobile
New Jersey: Online/In-person
New Mexico: In-person
Rhode Island: In-person
Tennessee: Online and mobile
West Virginia: Online/In-person
Washington DC: Online/In-person
It’s currently projected that over the next five years, 32 states will have some form of legalized sports betting. Prior to regulated sports betting, online sports betting options consisted of offshore options and a local bookie. It is certainly not recommended to use these types of outlets for sports wagering.
States With Legal Sports Betting
Las Vegas has held a monopoly on legal sports betting in U.S. for the better part of 50 years. This all changed in May 2018 with the launch New Jersey Sports Betting. Since then we have seen roughly 18 states pass sports betting legislation.
Below, we list the states that are currently have active sports betting outlets and players can wager on sports within that state.
Delaware Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks
After PASPA, Delaware was the first state to allow sports betting. They passed legislation way back in 2009.
For nearly a decade, the bill just sat and sat until PASPA was revoked and then it became enacted.
Arkansas Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks Only
With a referendum in November of 2018 elections, sports betting became approved by the state. The ballot asked voters if they wanted two locations to allow it. The bill did not include mobile wagers.
Indiana Sports Betting: Mobile betting and Retail Sportsbooks
Legalized in mid-2019, Indiana authorized retail sportsbooks and mobile betting. What makes Indiana appealing is their low tax rate.
Iowa Sports Betting: Mobile betting and Retail Sportsbooks
A year after PASPA, Iowa legalized sports betting. Casinos may now apply for sports betting licenses and for two mobile apps.
Mobile users must register at the retail outlet first. This is in effect until January 2021.
Mississippi Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks
Passing in June 2018, Mississippi was one of the first states to get their wheels in motion.
The first bet was placed in August 2018. Mobile betting has not been authorized yet, though.
All betting must be done on site and in-person.
Montana Sports Betting: Kiosks
With zero land-based casinos, Montana has done some innovative things to bring sports betting to their state.
Instead, they will have kiosks at certain restaurants and bars for patrons.
To place a mobile wager, you must be physically inside a licensed establishment.
Nevada Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks and Mobile Betting
Nevada has an environment that has allowed sports betting for quite some time, the only requirement is that you be in the state to wager.
They have casinos, sportsbooks and mobile wagering.
New Jersey Sports Betting: Online/Mobile apps and Retail Sportsbooks
Going to battle in 2011 and 2012, New Jersey governor Chris Christie proposed referendums regarding sports betting that got all the major sports leagues involved.
It is largely due to New Jersey why PASPA was overturned.
The Supreme Court eventually sided with New Jersey, ending PASPA and giving us the environment we have today.
New Mexico Sports Betting: Tribal Sportsbooks
New Mexico is a unique case. No, sportsbooks didn’t come via lawmakers. It came via Indian Tribes launching them via their tribal casinos.
The Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel was the first to do this in late 2018.
Pennsylvania Sports Betting: Online/mobile and Retail Sportsbooks
Passing sports betting legally back in 2017 (PASPA was still in effect), it ironically took the state some time to get things fully in place.
The first book came in late 2018 and apps in mid-2019.
The state does have high tax rates, but they have an incredible professional sports fan base. FanDuel Sportsbook Promo Code just launched in PA and is expected to dominate the market.
Rhode Island Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks
Rhode Island may only allow sports betting at two Twin River casinos, but sports betting is legal in the state nonetheless.
The bill came via Governor Gina Raimondo in 2018.
Mobile betting is still “under review” and expanded sports betting seems to be up in the air.
Tennessee Sports Betting: Mobile and online betting
In late May 2019, Tennessee passed a law authorizing mobile betting.
They are the first state to legalize mobile-only wagering first, which part of it is due to the state having no land-based casinos.
West Virginia Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbooks and online/mobile betting apps
In 2018, West Virginia passed sports betting bills that ran the gamut. They legalized very form of sports betting in their state, along with a generous tax rate of 10 percent for casinos.
Compared to their neighboring Pennsylvania with a tax rate in the 30’s, West Virginia is trying to compete.
Washington DC Sports Betting: Retail Sportsbook and online/mobile betting apps
With a law being brought to the table in 2018 and it being approved in 2019, we could see sports betting allowed via a single app for the entire city, and authorized retailers, which could include sports stadiums themselves.
Legal Sports Betting Revenue Per State
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Betting On Major Sports In The U.S.
With sports betting becoming legal in more states on weekly basis, pro sports leagues have some concerns and opportunities.
Legal NFL Betting
Prior to PASPA being overturned, the NFL was staunchly against allowing legal wagering on NFL games outside of Nevada. Afterwards, it seems the NFL has changed their tune based upon the enormous revenue potential.
The NFL is without a doubt the most bet on sport in the United States. The condensed schedule sets up “betting season” in the country, along with NFL player props and NFL over-under win totals during the off-season.
NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell issued the following statement back in May of 2018 regarding sports betting and the NFL:
As it was for my predecessors, there is no greater priority for me as the Commissioner of the National Football League than protecting the integrity of our sport. Our fans, our players and our coaches deserve to know that we are doing everything possible to ensure no improper influences affect how the game is played on the field. This week’s ruling by the Supreme Court has no effect on that unwavering commitment.
We have spent considerable time planning for the potential of broadly legalized sports gambling and are prepared to address these changes in a thoughtful and comprehensive way, including substantial education and compliance trainings for our clubs, players, employees and partners. These efforts include supporting common sense legislation that protects our players, coaches and fans and maintains public confidence in our games. We are asking Congress to enact uniform standards for states that choose to legalize sports betting that include, at a minimum, four core principles:
There must be substantial consumer protections;
1. Sports leagues can protect our content and intellectual property from those who attempt to steal or misuse it;
2. Fans will have access to official, reliable league data; and
3. Law enforcement will have the resources, monitoring and enforcement tools necessary to protect our fans and penalize bad actors here at home and abroad.
Legal NBA Betting
With 30 teams and 82 games a year for each team, there are ample opportunities to bet on NBA games. The sport is fast-paced and high scoring and doesn’t generally bore the viewer, and the final seconds of a game can be arguably some of the most exciting moments in sports.
Over the years, the NBA has softened its stance on sports betting and, in fact, Commissioner Adam Silver voiced his opinion in favor of legalizing it all the way back in 2014.
Common bet types include moneyline (picking a team to win), point totals (total amount of points in the game), futures (things such as NBA Finals champion) and props (examples include things such as how many points Steph Curry will score in a game).
After PASPA was struck down, Silver said the following:
“Today’s decision by the Supreme Court opens the door for states to pass laws legalizing sports betting. We remain in favor of a federal framework that would provide a uniform approach to sports gambling in states that choose to permit it, but we will remain active in ongoing discussions with state legislatures. Regardless of the particulars of any future sports betting law, the integrity of our game remains our highest priority.”
Legal MLB Betting
Leading up to PASPA being overturned, Major League Baseball was always rather non-committal when it came to sports betting. Commissioner Rob Manfred coined the term “reexamining” legalized sports betting back in 2017.
With so many games in a MLB season (162), bettors have more chances than any other sport to bet on their favorite teams in myriad fashions.
Following PASPA, MLB issued this statement:
“Today’s decision by the United States Supreme Court will have profound effects on Major League Baseball. As each state considers whether to allow sports betting, we will continue to seek the proper protections for our sport, in partnership with other professional sports. Our most important priority is protecting the integrity of our games. We will continue to support legislation that creates air-tight coordination and partnerships between the state, the casino operators and the governing bodies in sports toward that goal.”
Legal NHL Betting
Let’s face it, the NHL has always been relatively neglected on a national scale when it comes to not only overall interest, but sports betting as well.
And they recognize that. They’ve never really concerned themselves with the topic.
“The Supreme Court’s decision today paves the way to an entirely different landscape – one in which we have not previously operated. We will review our current practices and policies and decide whether adjustments are needed, and if so, what those adjustments will look like. It’s important to emphasize that the Supreme Court’s decision has no immediate impact on existing League rules relating to sports wagering, and particularly, wagering involving NHL games. So, while changes may be considered in the future, today’s decision does not directly impact the operation of the League or any of our Clubs in the short term.”
Legal PGA Betting
Though golf may have a niche fan base, sports betting can get pretty interesting when it comes to golf. Things such as betting on players going head-to-head, lowest first round and of course, who will win the respective tournament.
Over the years, the PGA has been in support of sports betting.
“Following the Supreme Court’s ruling today, the PGA Tour reiterates its support of the regulation of sports betting in a safe and responsible manner. We believe that regulation is the most effective way of ensuring integrity in competition, protecting consumers, engaging fans and generating revenue for government, operators and league.”
Legal NCAA Football & Basketball Betting
With what they define as amateur athletes, as you’d expect, the NCAA had always been against all forms of sports betting. However, for the fan, betting on college sports (especially football) can be exciting. Some of the spreads are totally insane. Just go back to 2012 when the Savannah State Tigers were 67.5 point underdogs against the Oklahoma State Cowboys. The NCAA had always feared sports betting would undermine their college athletics and some states make it so you cannot bet on college sports teams that are in the state in which you are betting.
However, since PASPA, they’ve started to come around and lifted their rule of national title games not being held in states that allow it. But then in January of 2019, they seemed to retrace their steps?
“Sports wagering is going to have a dramatic impact on everything we do in college sports. It’s going to threaten the integrity of college sports in many ways unless we are willing to act boldly and strongly.”